October 22, 1832
22 October: Gloomy, densely overcast sky. At seven thirty, temperature of 10 3/4°R ⟨[56.2°F, 13.4°C]⟩. At nine o’clock I went to see Mr. Say to view his insect and shell collection. He owns an interesting collection of Wabash shells that includes several highly original species. His correspondence is extensive, and he has a very good library at his disposal here. At present he is again expecting books from Europe, which cost several thousand dollars.
In Mr. Say’s garden I found several interesting plants: Euphorbia marginata from the Arkansas River; Simphoria, with ripe fruits; several beautiful Phlox; the Bignonia radicans— another Bignonia is also said to grow here; further, Loni cera sempervirens, with ripe fruits; and the Macelura aurantiaca Nutt.,M3Bow-wood or yellow-wood.Bow-wood or yellow-wood. ⟨[marginal note]⟩ ⟨[Ed.: These are alternative common names for Osage orange.]⟩ a prickly tree from the Arkansas with very tough wood from which the Indians make their bows.Euphorbia marginata is snow-on-the-mountain. Simphoria is Symphoricarpos sp., coralberry, snowberry, or wolfberry. The Phlox is likely P. paniculata, the most common garden variety of phlox. Macelura aurantiaca is Maclura pomifera, Osage orange, whose Latin name honors William Maclure. Mr. Say told me that the true homeland of the catalpa tree (Catalpa syringaefolia), not previously known, is here in the woodlands along the Wabash.An Asian species now known as C. bungei. The only indigenous species of catalpa in range is C. speciosa. The tree grows to be very thick and tall here, and the wood is used for posts, where it is said to last a long time. Quercus macrocarpa also grows here. I obtained some enormous acorns.
Dreidoppel had gone hunting and had brought back two species of tits (Parus bicolor and atricapillus Wils.), as well as a Troglodytes ludovicianus and a Picus auratus, and also a whole basket of various species of Unio.Parus bicolor is Baeolophus bicolor, tufted titmouse; P. atricapillus is Poecile atricapillus, black-capped chickadee. Troglodytes ludovicianus is Thryothorus ludovicius, Carolina wren.
Mr. Owen, the son of the former owner of Harmony, paid us a visit and invited us to come to his house a mile from here that evening.Robert Owen’s sons were Robert Dale (1801–77), William (1802–42), David Dale (1807–60), and Richard (1810–90). At the time of Maximilian’s first visit to New Harmony, Robert Dale and David were in Great Britain. See Leopold, Robert Dale Owen, 111–18; and entry for David Dale Owen in DSB. Because William was not yet married, this reference must be to Richard, who had married Martha Chase in 1828 (Daniel Goodman, collections manager, New Harmony State Historic Site, New Harmony, Indiana, pers. comm.). See also Maximilian’s journal entries for 6–9 June 1834 (volume 3), describing his return visit to New Harmony. At five thirty he called for us with his carriage. The weather had cleared, and the sun shone brightly. The carriage was a kind of cart; the horses were poor. Mr. Owen rode along beside us on horseback. This young man was educated entirely in the European manner and still speaks German well; he and his brother had acquired ⟨[the language]⟩ during their three-year stay at Hofwil in the Fellenberg Institute.Founded by the Swiss educator Philipp Emanuel von Fellenberg (1771–1844) on his estate at Hofwil, near Bern, Switzerland, in 1799. For a short biography of Fellenberg, see Dictionnaire historique, 3:80–81. All four of Robert Owen’s sons attended the Fellenberg Institute. Estabrook, “Family History.” His wife is English, very vivacious and talented, for she paints very well and has musical ability.Martha Chase. See note 12 above. We spent a very pleasant evening at Mr. Owen’s house, a mile from Harmony, and did not return until ten o’clock in the darkness. The night was bright and cool.