June 22, 1832
22 June: In the morning, head wind. Ship’s course southwest. Nice weather, overcast sky; very smooth, calm, dark-blue sea. It is also very warm. We are probably off the banks, where it is said to be always very cold.M13Latitude 42°47' N., longitude 53°00' W. At eight o’clock, air temperature of 13°R ⟨[61.2°F, 16.3°C]⟩; the water registers 12°R ⟨[59°F, 15°C]⟩. We have our breakfast (dolphin meat and coffee) at eight thirty.
Incidentally, the method of telling time on shipboard is as follows. Time is divided into four watches. The first watch is from twelve to four o’clock, the second from four to six o’clock, the third from six to eight o’clock, the fourth from eight to twelve o’clock. The second one is called the first dogwatch, the third the second dogwatch. The bell is suspended on the trysail boom. From here a cord extends along the boom, and the sailor at the helm pulls on the cord every half hour as soon as the clock fastened near the compass shows the half hour. Twelve o’clock is struck with eight bells, twelve thirty with one bell, one o’clock with two, one thirty with three, two o’clock with four, two thirty with five, three o’clock with six, three thirty with seven, four o’clock with eight bells; and then it begins anew.
About ten o’clock several birds, not previously seen, appeared, pursuing another one. The captain shot the latter but did not want to have it fetched, since untying the boat requires a great deal of work.
It is calm all morning but very nice, warm weather, the dark-blue sea smooth as a mirror. Noon observation: latitude ⟨[——]⟩ longitude ⟨[——]⟩.M1442°47' N and 55°00' W. Temperature of the air in cool wind on the shady side of the ship 11°R ⟨[56.8°F, 13.8°C]⟩, of the water 15°R ⟨[65.8°F, 18.8°C]⟩. Several times Mr. Bodmer shoots in vain at small petrels.
We now have the Great Bank of Newfoundland behind us, as the temperature had immediately indicated. In the afternoon the wind improves from the southwest, brisk besides. The ship runs at 5 knots. The deck is planed and scraped. Several bits of floating Fucus; they appear to be vesiculosus. Until now we have not been able to fish out any of these plants and have generally not seen much of them either. Procellaria pelagica constantly accompany us in threes or fours. Now and then we toss dolphin fat out to them, which they devour immediately. Reading of the thermometer between about six and seven o’clock 8°R ⟨[50°F, 10°C]⟩ in the air, 7°R ⟨[47.8°F, 8.8°C]⟩ in the water. We have a little ahead sea, which hinders the rapid progress of the ship. Night beautiful, the same wind, sometimes not as strong.