July 1, 1832
1 July :The wind had been very high at four and at six o’clock. Several sails had been taken in; the royals and topgallant sails and the fore-topsail received two reefs. This strong wind has been unfavorable to us for a long time now, and all hopes and [Page 1:20] wishes for a change are futile. Besides, the sea is very wild and violently pounds the bow of the ship. Snow-white foam and spray strike the deck. A lot of Fucus vesiculosus and pieces of wood and bark float beside the ship. Procellaria swarm around us. At eight o’clock, temperature of the air 9 1/2°R ⟨[53.4°F, 11.9°C]⟩, of the water 8 1/3°R ⟨[50.8°F, 10.4°C]⟩. During this high wind, the sky is clear overhead but whitish-hazy on the horizon. At ten o’clock a brig arrived from the northwest, bobbing high on the waves, and hoisted the American flag; we did the same. In order to show how the flag, and in this case the American one, is hoisted on ships, see the following figure. On several of these American flags, the stars are in a circle with a larger one in the center; on others, they are scattered without order.
This ship, too, seemed to be bound for America and was on the tack that we later wanted to take. At noon: latitude 43°10', longitude 68°7'. Temperature of the air 10°R ⟨[54.5°F, 12.5°C]⟩, of the water 7 2/3°R ⟨[49.3°F, 9.6°C]⟩. During the afternoon the wind ⟨[becomes]⟩ more moderate, sea very high. We see two ships. The wind always contrary. The evening is pleasant, the sun sets amidst clouds, the waxing moon has a halo. At seven o’clock, temperature of the air 10°R ⟨[54.5°F, 12.5°C]⟩, of the water 7 2/3°R ⟨[49.3°F, 9.6°C]⟩. At four o’clock the lead had been cast, but since the ship was not motionless, we could not be certain about the depth of the water. The lead brought mud up with it. We have not tacked since yesterday; at twelve o’clock this afternoon this was done in the direction of south-southwest. Little wind during the night but always from the same unfavorable southwest direction.